He uses many different restorative materials based on biocompatibility testing. Crowns (caps) are used to reinforce teeth that have inadequate tooth structure and are structurally too fragile for chewing forces to be applied for fear of fractures.
Zirconia crowns are strong, lifelike and free from dark line metal collars. It is also biocompatible in most patients, as reported by the Clifford Sensitivity Test, and very compatible with the gingiva (gums).
Fixed bridges replace missing teeth by placing a crown (abutments) on the teeth adjacent to missing teeth or tooth, and bridging the space with a replacement tooth (pontic). Bridges are cemented with long term cement. Patients are taught how to clean under the bridges effortlessly with a sonic flosser to maintain oral health.